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Permanent Residency in Canada

 

A. Meeting Eligibility Requirements

In order for an individual to meet eligibility requirements for the Federal Skilled Worker Class, he/she must have at least one (1) year of paid full-time experience (or an equal amount of paid part-time work experience) in a National Occupational Classification (NOC) occupation at Skill Type 0, A or B within the past ten (10) years.

The NOC was developed by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) to be a systematic cataloguing of occupations in the Canadian labour market. The NOC is divided into five (5) bands:

SkillType0

Management Occupations;

SkillTypeA

which is primarily comprised of professional occupations;

SkillTypeB

which consists of technical, skilled trades and paraprofessional occupations;

SkillTypeC

which comprises occupations that mainly consist of intermediate level, clerical or supportive functions;

SkillTypeD

which consists of elemental sales or service and primary labourer occupations.

Only experience in Skill Type 0, A or B is considered relevant for applicants in the Federal Skilled Worker Class.

To qualify for the Federal Skilled Worker Class, the experience in Skill Type 0, A or B must consist of actions described in the lead description and a substantial number of the duties described in the Main Duties section of the NOC, including all the essential duties.

He/she must meet the minimum level of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7 in either English or French for all four (4) language abilities.

B. Point Assessment

Assuming that an individual meets the aforementioned prerequisites, he/she is then assessed according to various selection criteria by Citizenship and Immigration Canada officials and he/she must attain a minimum score of sixty-seven (67) points overall to qualify for the Federal Skilled Worker Class.

These selection criteria are as follows:

1. Education:

Maximum

25 Points

2. Official Languages:

Maximum

28 Points

3. Experience:

Maximum

15 Points

4. Arranged Employment:

Maximum

10 Points

5. Age:

Maximum

12 Points

6. Adaptability:

Maximum

10 Points

TOTAL POINTS

Maximum

100 Points

POINTS REQUIRED TO PASS:

67 Points

C. Applying Under Express Entry

Citizenship and Immigration Canada has implemented a new method of processing candidates in the Federal Skilled Worker Class/Federal Skilled Trades Class/Canadian Experience Class for Immigration to Canada called Express Entry. The Express Entry system involves two (2) steps:

Step 1: Completion of Express Entry Profile

Candidates will complete an Express Entry profile. This is a secure form that gathers information about applicant’s:
skills, work experience, language ability, education, and other details that will help assess their eligibility.

Those who meet the criteria will be accepted into a pool of candidates. Anyone who does not already have a job offer or a nomination from a province or territory, must register with The Employment Job Bank. Job Bank will eventually help connect Express Entry candidates with eligible employers in Canada.

Step 2: Invitation to Apply for Permanent Residence in Canada

Candidates will be ranked against others in the pool using a point-based system that will assess the profile information candidates submit, including:

  • Skills
  • Work experience
  • Language ability
  • Education and other factors.

A candidate can get additional points for:

  • A job offer, or
  • A nomination by a province or territory.

Canadian Government will choose candidates from the pool through regular “draws”, choosing a pre-determined number of candidates with the highest scores from the pool and inviting them to apply for Permanent Residence in Canada.

If someone is invited to apply, they will have sixty (60) days to submit an online Application for Permanent Residence.
Citizenship and Immigration Canada will process most complete Applications (meaning those with all the necessary supporting documents) in six (6) months or less.

Candidates can stay in the pool for up to twelve (12) months. If they do not get an Invitation to Apply for Permanent Residence within twelve (12) months of submitting an Express Entry profile, they may submit a new profile. If they still meet the criteria, they can re-enter the pool. This will prevent backlogs and ensure quick processing times.

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